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Can diabetics drink homemade juice?

Juices made from fresh fruits and vegetables at home can be a healthy part of a diabetic diet. However, it’s important for diabetics to consume juices in moderation and be mindful of ingredients that may spike blood sugar levels.

Introduction

For people with diabetes, monitoring carbohydrate intake is key to managing blood sugar levels. While fruit and vegetable juices provide important vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, they also contain natural sugars that can affect blood glucose.

The answer to whether diabetics can drink homemade juices is not simply “yes” or “no.” The key is moderation and being selective about ingredients. By making smart juice-making choices, diabetics can enjoy the many benefits of juicing homemade produce.

Understanding Carbs in Juice for Diabetics

When making juice at home, it’s helpful for diabetics to understand how ingredients impact carbohydrate content:

  • Fruits – Fruits are carbohydrate-dense, with around 15-30 grams of carbs per cup. High sugar fruits like oranges, apples, grapes, and cherries can cause greater blood sugar spikes.
  • Vegetables – Most vegetables have 5 grams of carbs or less per cup. Spinach, kale, cucumbers, carrots, and tomatoes make great low carb juice additions.
  • Herbs & Spices – Flavor boosters like ginger, mint, basil contain minimal carbs and can make juices more palatable without spiking blood sugar.
  • Sweeteners – Avoid adding sugar or honey which adds concentrated carbohydrates and calories. Limit higher carb sweeteners like beets and apples.

Tips for Diabetics Making Juice at Home

Diabetics can take several important steps to make juices that are low carb and blood sugar friendly:

  • Use non-starchy vegetables as the base – Make greens like spinach, kale, chard, or cucumber the foundation.
  • Add berries sparingly – Raspberries, blackberries, and strawberries add sweetness with less sugar impact.
  • Try lemon or lime – Bright citrus enhances flavor without affecting blood sugar significantly.
  • Spice it up – Ginger, cinnamon, turmeric add flavor without carbohydrates.
  • Go easy on high sugar fruits – Limit apple, pineapple, mango to 1/4 to 1/2 cup per serving.
  • Avoid fruit juices – Orange, apple, grape, and other 100% fruit juices are too high in natural sugars.
  • Dilute with water or ice – Add ice cubes or still water to cut the concentration of sugars.
  • Monitor portions – Stick to 1 cup serving sizes instead of 16-20 oz bottled juices.

Best Fruits & Veggies for Diabetic Juices

Here are some great low sugar produce options for diabetic juicing:

Fruits Vegetables
Lemons Cucumbers
Limes Spinach
Strawberries Kale
Raspberries Celery
Blackberries Tomatoes
Blueberries Broccoli
Grapefruit Cabbage

Using more vegetables than fruits is key. Add fruits like berries or citrus for a touch of sweetness, but the bulk of juice should come from low carb veggies.

Worst Fruits & Veggies for Diabetic Juice

On the other hand, these ingredients should be limited or avoided due to carbohydrate impact:

High Sugar Fruits Starchy Vegetables
Apples Beets
Grapes Carrots
Mangoes Parsnips
Pineapple Corn
Bananas Potatoes
Pomegranate Sweet Potatoes
Cherries Winter Squash

These fruits and veggies are higher in natural sugars and starches. They can quickly spike blood glucose levels in diabetics.

Diabetic-Friendly Juice Recipes

Here are some tasty juice recipes that are low carb and diabetes approved:

Green Morning Juice

  • 1 cucumber
  • 2 celery stalks
  • 1/2 lemon
  • Handful of spinach
  • 2-3 leaves kale
  • Sprig of mint
  • 1-inch ginger

Refreshing green veggie juice with lemon, ginger, and mint.

Berry Beet Juice

  • 1/2 beet
  • 1/2 cup strawberries
  • 1/2 cup raspberries
  • 1 handful spinach
  • 1 cucumber
  • 1-inch ginger

Hint of beet with berries and spinach for antioxidant power.

Tropical Green Smoothie

  • 1 cup spinach
  • 1/4 cup pineapple
  • 1/4 cup mango
  • 1/2 banana
  • 1/2 cup coconut water
  • Ice cubes

Green spinach balanced by small portions of tropical fruit.

Potential Downsides of Juicing for Diabetics

Despite the benefits, juicing does present some drawbacks for individuals with diabetes:

  • Concentrated carbs – Juicing extracts the sugars and carbs from whole fruits and condenses them into liquid form.
  • Fiber removal – The juicing process eliminates the fiber which helps slow sugar absorption.
  • Rapid absorption – The body can absorb juiced sugars quicker than solids, spiking blood glucose.
  • Less filling – Liquids are less satisfying than whole produce and may not curb appetite.
  • Oxidation – Fresh juices oxidize and lose nutrients quickly after juicing.
  • Cost – Juicing requires a machine and buying large amounts of produce.

Being aware of these drawbacks can help diabetics make informed choices about juicing.

Precautions for Diabetics When Juicing

Here are some important precautions diabetics should take when making and drinking homemade juices:

  • Test blood sugar before and after drinking juice to see individual responses.
  • Stick to 1 cup serving sizes to limit carbohydrate load.
  • Avoid juicing fruits alone and use veggies as the main base.
  • Add protein like Greek yogurt or nut butter to help balance blood sugar response.
  • Slowly sip juices over 15-30 minutes instead of drinking quickly.
  • Rinse mouth after drinking fruit juice to prevent sugar contact with teeth.
  • Drink only freshly made juices instead of storing for later.

Conclusion

With careful carb counting, smart ingredient choices, and portion control, diabetics can incorporate home juicing into their diets in moderation. Emphasizing low sugar fruits and non-starchy vegetables can allow diabetics to get antioxidants and hydration from juices without significantly impacting blood glucose.

Maintaining awareness of carbohydrate content, limiting juice to 1 cup servings, and testing blood sugar levels before and after can help diabetics drink homemade juices safely. While juicing does require caution for diabetics, it can be included as part of a healthy diet with proper precautions.