Is plums and prunes the same thing?

When it comes to dried fruits, it’s easy to get confused about which is which. Many people have questioned whether plums and prunes are the same thing. Do they come from the same fruit? Have they undergone the same process? Are they interchangeable? These are some of the questions that have been asked. In this blog post, we will explore the topic of plums and prunes. We will examine whether they are the same thing by looking at their differences and similarities, their nutritional composition, and their health benefits.

What Are Plums?

Plums are a type of stone fruit that grows on trees. They are usually round, with a deep purple, blue, red, or yellow skin. Varieties of plums include Japanese plums, European plums, and Damson plums. Plums are a juicy and sweet fruit that is commonly eaten fresh but can also be used in cooking and baking. They are also packed with vitamins and minerals, making them a healthy addition to your diet.

What Are Prunes?

Prunes are dried plums. They are made by removing the moisture from ripe plums. The drying process causes the fruit to become shriveled and chewy, with a dark brown skin. Prunes are usually sold pitted or unpitted and can be eaten as a snack or added to a variety of dishes. Prunes have a sweet and slightly tangy taste, making them a popular addition to a variety of recipes.

The Differences and Similarities Between Plums and Prunes

While plums and prunes come from the same fruit, there are some differences between them. The most obvious difference is their appearance. Plums are fresh, juicy fruits with a smooth skin and are available in a range of colors. Prunes, on the other hand, have a brown, wrinkled appearance due to the drying process.

Another difference between plums and prunes is their texture. Plums are soft and juicy, while prunes are chewy and have a denser texture. Additionally, prunes are sweeter than fresh plums due to the concentration of their natural sugars during the drying process.

Despite their differences, there are many similarities between plums and prunes. Both fruits are rich in nutrients, antioxidants, and fiber, making them an excellent addition to any diet. They also have similar health benefits, such as promoting good digestion and reducing the risk of certain diseases.

The Nutritional Composition of Plums and Prunes

To explore the nutritional composition of plums and prunes, we will compare the values per 100g of fresh plums and dried prunes.


  • Calories: 46 kcal
  • Protein: 0.7g
  • Fat: 0.3g
  • Carbohydrates: 11.4g
  • Fiber: 1.4g
  • Vitamin C: 9.5mg
  • Vitamin A: 345 IU
  • Calcium: 6mg
  • Potassium: 157mg


  • Calories: 240 kcal
  • Protein: 2.2g
  • Fat: 0.4g
  • Carbohydrates: 63.9g
  • Fiber: 7.1g
  • Vitamin C: 0.6mg
  • Vitamin A: 26 IU
  • Calcium: 43mg
  • Potassium: 732mg

As we can see from the comparison above, dried plums (prunes) are much higher in calories, carbohydrates, fiber, and potassium than fresh plums. This is due to the concentration of nutrients that occurs during the drying process. However, fresh plums are a better source of vitamin C and vitamin A.

The Health Benefits of Plums and Prunes

Both plums and prunes are known for their health benefits. Here are some of the benefits:

Digestive Health

Prunes are a well-known natural laxative due to their high fiber content. They can help alleviate constipation and promote regular bowel movements. Plums, on the other hand, are also rich in fiber and can improve digestive health.

Bone Health

Prunes are a good source of calcium, which is essential for maintaining strong bones. They also contain vitamin K, which is important for bone health and helps prevent osteoporosis.

Heart Health

Both plums and prunes are rich in antioxidants, which help reduce inflammation in the body and protect against heart disease. Additionally, prunes have been shown to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, two risk factors for heart disease.

Weight Management

Plums and prunes are low in calories and high in fiber, which can help you feel full for longer and reduce your overall calorie intake. This can be beneficial for weight management.


In conclusion, plums and prunes are not the same thing, but they do come from the same fruit. Plums are fresh, juicy fruit, while prunes are dried plums with a chewy texture and sweet taste. They have several differences and similarities, but both are rich in nutrients and have health benefits. When it comes to deciding which one to eat, it ultimately comes down to personal preference and dietary requirements. Whether you prefer fresh plums or dried prunes, incorporating them into your diet can help you lead a healthy and balanced life.


Do plums have the same laxative effect as prunes?

Plums and prunes are often used for their laxative effects and have been known for centuries as a natural remedy for constipation. While both plums and prunes belong to the same family of fruits, they have some significant differences in their nutritional content and health benefits. Prunes are essentially dried plums and are a concentrated source of dietary fiber, sorbitol, and phenolic compounds that impart numerous health benefits, including their well-known laxative effect.

Prunes are more effective than plums when it comes to relieving constipation due to the presence of three critical ingredients that work together to help keep the digestive system working optimally. These ingredients include fiber (both soluble and insoluble), sorbitol – a sugar alcohol that has a natural laxative effect, and phenolic compounds such as chlorogenic acid which promotes gut health. One study published in the British Journal of Nutrition found that consuming 100 grams of prunes daily helped to alleviate constipation in healthy adults without any adverse effects.

While plums also contain dietary fiber, sugars, and phenolic compounds, they do not have the same concentrated levels of sorbitol as prunes. Consequently, plums may not have the same strong laxative effect as prunes. However, consuming plums regularly as part of a healthy diet can support gastrointestinal health by promoting digestion, preventing constipation, and reducing the risk of gastrointestinal diseases.

While both plums and prunes offer numerous health benefits, prunes have a stronger laxative effect than plums due to their higher levels of sorbitol and fiber. However, consuming plums as part of a healthy diet can also provide significant benefits for gastrointestinal health. It is essential to note that excessive consumption of any food, including plums and prunes, may have adverse effects and should be consumed in moderation. Also, consulting a healthcare provider is important before making significant changes in your diet.

What is the difference between a plum and a prune?

A plum and a prune are often confused with each other because they look quite similar. However, there are some distinct differences between them that set them apart from one another. To understand the differences, let us first talk about plums.

A plum is a fleshy fruit that belongs to the family Rosaceae. It is closely related to other fruits such as cherries, peaches, and almonds. Plums grow on trees, and they come in different shapes and sizes. Most varieties of plums have red skins when ripe, but some can have yellow or green skins as well. The flesh is sweet and juicy, and it can be eaten fresh, cooked, or used in jams and desserts.

On the other hand, a prune is a dried fruit that is derived from a specific type of plum known as the Prunus domestica. Unlike other types of plums, prunes have a higher sugar content and lower moisture content, which makes them ideal for drying. Prunes are commonly used in cooking and baking, and they are also known for their laxative properties.

So, what are the differences between a plum and a prune? The main difference is that a prune is a variety or a type of plum. Most plums are eaten fresh, while prunes are eaten dried. Prunes are generally smaller and denser than other types of plums, and they have a wrinkled appearance. Additionally, while most varieties of plums have red skins when ripe, prunes have blue or purple skins when ripe.

In terms of flavor and texture, prunes are sweeter and chewier than fresh plums. They have a unique, almost caramel-like taste that is sometimes described as “jammy.” Fresh plums, on the other hand, are tart and juicy, and their texture is more delicate.

A plum and a prune may look similar, but they have distinct differences in taste, texture, and appearance. A plum is a juicy, fleshy fruit that can be eaten fresh or cooked, while a prune is a dried fruit derived from a specific type of plum. Understanding these differences can help you choose between the two when cooking or snacking.

Which is better plums or prunes?

When it comes to comparing plums and prunes, it can be a bit tricky. Both fruits are from the same family and prunes are actually dried plums. However, there are slight differences in terms of their nutritional content. both fruits are healthy choices for a balanced diet.

Firstly, let’s take a look at plums. One medium-sized plum contains around 30 calories and is a good source of vitamin C, vitamin A, potassium, and fiber. In addition, plums are high in antioxidants, which help to protect the body against damage from harmful free radicals. They are also low in glycemic index (GI), which means they can help to regulate blood sugar levels and can be good for people with diabetes.

On the other hand, prunes are higher in calories due to the drying process, but they are also more concentrated in terms of nutritional content. For instance, a single serving of prunes (4-5 pieces) provides about 100 calories and is a good source of fiber, vitamin K, potassium, iron, and vitamin B6. Vitamin K in prunes is significantly higher than in plums, which is important for bone and blood health. Additionally, prunes are known to have a mild laxative effect due to their high fiber content, which can be beneficial for digestive health.

So, which one is better? It ultimately depends on what you’re looking for. If you want a low-calorie snack with a good amount of vitamins and antioxidants, plums are a great choice. But if you’re looking for a more nutrient-dense fruit with a higher fiber and mineral content, then prunes might be the way to go. However, keep in mind that prunes do have a higher sugar content due to the drying process, so it’s important to consume them in moderation. It’s also good to note that fresh plums are more widely available than prunes, which tend to be more popular for use in baked goods or as a snack on their own. it’s best to incorporate a variety of fruits into your diet to ensure you’re getting a range of different nutrients.

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