What do oranges and spinach give to your body?

Eating fruits and vegetables provides many health benefits. Two popular and nutritious produce choices are oranges and spinach. Understanding what nutrients these foods contain can help you make informed dietary choices.

Nutrients in Oranges

Oranges are packed with vitamins, minerals, and plant compounds that provide a range of health benefits. Here are some of the top nutrients found in oranges:

Vitamin C

One medium orange provides over 100% of your daily vitamin C needs. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that helps boost immune function, heal wounds, absorb iron, and maintain healthy skin and blood vessels.

Nutrient Amount in 1 Medium Orange Daily Value
Vitamin C 70 mg 117%


Oranges are a good source of folate, providing 15% of the daily value in one fruit. Folate is a B vitamin that helps make red blood cells and genetic material. It is especially important for pregnant women to ensure proper brain and spinal cord development in babies.


With 237 mg of potassium per orange, this fruit provides 5% of the recommended daily intake. Potassium supports nerve signaling, muscle contraction, heart health, and fluid balance.


Oranges contain some thiamin, also known as vitamin B1. Thiamin plays a role in metabolizing fats and proteins for energy. The daily value for thiamin is 1.2 mg, and one orange provides 3% of this.

Vitamin A

This fat-soluble vitamin supports immune function, vision, and reproductive health. Oranges provide 2% of the daily value for vitamin A.


With 52 mg per orange, this fruit provides 5% of the daily recommended calcium intake. Calcium supports bone health and muscle and nerve function.

Other Beneficial Compounds

In addition to vitamins and minerals, oranges contain beneficial plant compounds like carotenoids, flavonoids, and phenolic acids.


Orange flesh gets its color from carotenoids like beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, and beta-cryptoxanthin. These plant pigments act as antioxidants to reduce inflammation and cellular damage.


Flavonoids like naringenin and hesperidin in oranges provide antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. They may also help lower cholesterol.

Phenolic Acids

Orange peel contains phenolic acids like ferulic, gallic, coumaric, and caffeic acids. These compounds also demonstrate antioxidant properties.


One medium orange contains 3 grams of fiber, providing 11% of the daily fiber recommendations. The fiber in oranges has several health benefits:

– Promotes digestive health
– Helps maintain healthy blood sugar and cholesterol
– Fills you up so you eat less
– Feeds beneficial gut bacteria

Low Calories

With only 60 calories in a medium orange, this fruit provides lots of nutrients for very few calories. The low calorie and high fiber and water content of oranges make them a great snack for weight management.


The water content of oranges helps keep you hydrated. One orange provides about 86 grams of water. Staying hydrated supports all bodily functions.

Nutrients in Spinach

Like oranges, spinach overflows with important vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Here is a closer look at why you should eat this leafy green vegetable.

Vitamin K

A 1 cup serving of raw spinach provides 145% of the daily vitamin K needs. Vitamin K supports bone and heart health and helps with blood clotting.

Nutrient Amount in 1 Cup Raw Spinach Daily Value
Vitamin K 145 mcg 145%

Vitamin A

With 9377 IU of vitamin A per cup, spinach provides over 100% of the recommended daily intake. Vitamin A promotes immune function and healthy vision.


Raw spinach contains 58 mcg of folate per cup, providing 15% of the daily folate needs. Folate aids in cell growth and development.

Vitamin C

This leafy green is also a great source of immune-boosting vitamin C. You get 9% of the daily vitamin C from a 1 cup serving.


The iron in spinach helps transport oxygen in the blood as a component of hemoglobin. Spinach provides 5% of the daily recommended iron.


Important for muscle, nerve, and heart function, magnesium is found in spinach. One cup contains 6% of the daily magnesium needs.


Also called vitamin B2, riboflavin helps convert food into energy and acts as an antioxidant. Spinach provides 11% of the daily riboflavin.

Other Beneficial Compounds

Besides vitamins and minerals, spinach contains beneficial plant compounds like carotenoids and flavonoids.


Spinach contains lutein and zeaxanthin carotenoids. These support eye health by protecting the eyes from damaging light.


Flavonoids in spinach have antioxidant and anti-cancer effects. Spinach contains flavonoids like quercetin, patuletin, and spinacetin.


With 2 grams per cup when cooked, spinach provides valuable fiber for digestive regularity, heart health, and weight management.

Low Calories

Spinach only has 7 calories per cup when raw, making it an incredibly nutrient-dense, low-calorie food. Replacing high-calorie foods with spinach can aid weight loss.


Oranges and spinach are both nutritious produce choices brimming with essential vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber. Adding these foods to your diet provides many benefits, including:

– Boosting immunity through vitamin C and A
– Supporting bone, eye, heart, and digestive health
– Providing anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds
– Aiding weight loss and management due to low calories and high fiber
– Keeping you hydrated with their high water content

Aim to get your fill of oranges, spinach, and other fruits and vegetables to take advantage of their unique health-promoting compounds. A balanced diet with produce variety ensures your body gets the diverse nutrients it needs to thrive.

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